Genoa is a port city and is the capital of the Liguria region. It is known for its important role in maritime trade over many centuries.
The city is located in the central and inner part of the homonymous gulf that overlooks the Ligurian Sea. The Urban Area of Genoa has a population of about 600.000; the City covers an area of 243 square kilometers, between the Ligurian Sea.
The Urban Area of Genoa has a population of about 600.000; the City covers an area of 243 square kilometers, between the Ligurian Sea and the Appennine Mountains and stretches along the Coast about 30 kilometres.
The reliefs that surround the City, partially blocking the cold winds coming from the north, allow to have sunny and bright winters, with lower temperatures than in Milan or Turin, and hot and not sultry summers thanks to the sea breezes.
Genoa, the Superb, is the City of Doges and Sixteenth century splendor as well as a place for contemporary culture. It has a wonderful medieval district (the biggest one in Europe) with beautiful churches and museums also with palaces and towers built between the late XVI and the early XVII centuries and owned by noble families, that are still largely intact.
Genoa surprises people with the height of the buildings and the lack of the space in the warren of tiny alleyways (“caruggi”) and narrow cobbled paths (“creuze”) leading up hill and away from the coast and with the contrasts in terms of colours: the pastel shades of the facade side with grey and black side.
The authentic hearth of Genoa is its ancient historical port, Porto Antico. From where, the mighty city used to exert its control over the seas, showed its bent for business and trading, started the discovery of many unexplored of lands. To commemorate the great exploit by Christopher Columbus, in 1992 the old peers and docks underwent important renovation. Author of the restyling was Renzo Piano, the world renown Genoese Architect.
Today, Genoa is a centre of technological innovation with high added value service industries as well as a place attracting an ever increasing number of visitors. The City’s rich art, music, gastronomy, architecture and history made it 2004’s EU Capital of Culture and in the last years thousands of people come to Genoa to visit the Rolli Palaces, that since 2006 have been UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
In 1576, the Senate of the Republic of Genoa created lists, the "Rolls of public housing", which included the main noble palaces of the city. In the previous years the families of the Genoese aristocracy had renovated many of the old buildings in the historic center; while the most important families had built sumptuous new residences in Strada Nuova (now Via Garibaldi).
Given that it was not possible to receive state guests at Palazzo Ducale, the owners of the palaces listed in the rolls were given the “honour” to receive diplomats, dignitaries and aristocratic visitors to the Republic in their dwellings, including all the associated expenses.
The model of public hospitality created in Genoa was unique, and thanks to the City’s international guests, such as the famous Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens, Genoa became famous throughout Europe for the quality of its architecture and for the refined and high level lifestyle.